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Women's Narratives of Resistance
Volume: 30, Issue: 1 (2002)
'A Man's Job'?: Gender Issues and the Role of Mental Welfare Officers, 1948-1970
It is now accepted that community care has a much longer history than has previously been acknowledged. The literature on the history of social work has not, however, explored in any depth the contribution of Mental Welfare Officers to community care. Drawing on the oral history testimony of ex- Mental Welfare Officers, as well as archive material, we therefore set out to examine their role in the community between 1948 and 1970 in East Anglia. Our research found that, though social work in general has traditionally been regarded as providing roles for women, in the field of learning disability and mental health, far more men than women became Mental Welfare Officers in this period. In particular, therefore, we examine the back- ground to gender issues, and explore their implications for both women and men professionals in the context of the development of community care.
Author(s): Sheena Rolph, Jan Walmsley and Dorothy Atkinson
Keywords: Mental welfare officers; community care; gender

'I'm Going to England': Women's Narratives of Leaving Ireland in the 1930s
This paper is based on interviews with ten women who emigrated from southern Ireland to Britain in the 1930s. I discuss some of the issues involved in interviewing very elderly women about events that happened almost seventy years ago. The interviews were framed by the interpersonal dynamics between me - a woman in her thirties who left Ireland in the 1990s - and these women - approaching ninety who left Ireland in the 1930s. These ten women told me very personal stories of emigration but there are, nonetheless, common themes that point to some of the wider social and economic contexts of Irish emigration. Clothes were used as a metaphor for movement, transition and autonomy but also poverty, dependency and location.
Author(s): Louise Ryan
Keywords: 1930s, Irish women, emigration, clothes as metaphor

Australian Women's Stories of Work and Play
In the 1920s and 1930s working-class people from the inner suburbs of Melbourne, Australia took to the foothills of the nearby Dandenong ranges on weekends and public holidays to enjoy a bush picnic or holiday. It was a time in both Britain and Australia when working people were able to take family holidays in greater numbers. Unstructured interviews with former female visitors began with the purpose of gaining an insight into the leisure of the time. Information obtained along the way about working lives rein- forced the importance of thinking about work and leisure in association with each other. The incidents that some women remembered from their working lives presented a strong and autonomous view of themselves. While such power could be seen as a realistic view of their holidays in the bush, it appears that the context of the interview relationship contributed to the highlighting of an assertive and lively work identity.
Author(s): Janice Newton
Keywords: leisure; work; women; Australia

'Until Death Do Us Part'?: Marriage, Divorce and the Indian Woman in Trinidad
This paper examines the issues of marriage and divorce amongst rural Indians and particularly Indian females, in Trinidad between 1900 and 1940. Marriage was central to the life of these women. Internal migration of the women on marriage opened up possibilities that were not likely had they not relocated. Having children also aided the women in gaining personal strength within the Indian family and community. Through extra-marital affairs, separation and divorce, the rural Indian woman expressed her opinion of herself. Marriage and divorce became an arena where the Indian woman was able to define who she was and to create a space for herself. Within the framework prescribed for her, she forged her destiny, yet without shattering it.
Author(s): Shaheeda Hosein
Keywords: marriage; divorce; rural Indian females; Trinidad

Public History
What Is Public History? Publics and Their Pasts, Meanings and Practices
What are the broad meanings of 'public history', and how is it used by practitioners and by academics? Here, I track the way different meanings have developed - first in the United States, then in Australia, and most recently in Britain. I explore the keyword 'public', seeing whether social or cultural theorists can help; and finally consider how theoretical concerns help practising public historians - citing examples of good practice.
Author(s): Jill Liddington
Keywords: Public history; heritage; public sphere

British Capital, Antipodean Labour: Working the New Zealand Waterfront, 1915-1951
Author(s): Anna Green

Uomini Di Ferriera: Men of the Iron Mills
Author(s): Filippo Colombara

Bedlam on the Streets
Author(s): Caroline Knowles

The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularisation 1800-2000
Author(s): Callum Brown

The Scattered Scruffs
Author(s): Hazel Jacques

Making History: Your Story, Your Life; Ocean Views; The Samuel Lewis Housing Trust Remembered